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2: 1960-61: Shakin' All Over

Taking a day off from being Johnny Kidd

Johnny Kidd in a rare pic without his eyepatch


For his third 45, the singer had tackled Marv Johnson’s "You Got What It Takes" co-written by future Motown founder, Berry Gordy.  Although Johnson made the top five, Kidd's ambitious interpretation, paired with "Longin’ Lips" still took him into the top 30, a reasonable start to the New Year.  The opening riff of the song is played in tandem by both the lead and bass guitar giving a, cool distinctive quality to the track.  This trick of doubling up these instruments on the same notes would be used to great effect in just a few months' time....

In the ranks, a re-shuffle was planned where Stanley Dale and Don Toy (still their agent) wanted to bring in better musicians who could read music.  Alan Caddy on lead guitar was retained (he had attended the Royal College of Music); other members drifted away although there was no ill feeling, quite the opposite.  Mike West formed his own group taking Tony Doherty (Rhythm) with him.  By adding Micky Cottle (drums) and Carl Hasden (who owned the first five-string bass in the UK, custom-made by Johnny "Fruit" Gordon) they became Robby Hood And His Merry Men.  They often toured with Kidd and co and their recording debut was with a Fred Heath original called "Tell Me When".  They lasted a few years, appearing at many venues such as the California Ballroom in Dunstable.  Their line-up remained unchanged and later on in their career with the rise of MerseyBeat they renamed themselves The Silhouettes.

Brian Gregg and Clem Cattini joined Kidd intending to stay until something better came along and the revised line-up began rehearsals while still looking out for a rhythm guitarist.  Cattini drummed loudly and Gregg utilised a custom-built bass amp when they were virtually unheard of in the UK.  Caddy, who was developing into a fine guitarist adapted his style to fatten out the sound to compensate for the while until a second guitarist was found.  One day, Kidd brought along ex-Five Nutter Frank Rouledge to rehearsals.

Johnny Kidd - "We put him in the band but, because we had been rehearsing for a while without rhythm guitar, we didn’t really leave any gaps in the music for Frank.  It seemed a bit out of place, too much sound.  After Frank left we had a chat amongst ourselves and we decided the sound was better without a rhythm guitar..... It was a big, fat sound, a fat bass and drum sound."

"It’s partly for economic reasons and additionally because I've adopted a new approach to music," explained Kidd when he launched the streamlined Pirates.  The three-man backing group was partly inspired by the Johnny Burnette Trio whom Kidd admired and in turn developed quite a show, standing in front of the drummer and flanked by bass and guitar.  This neat, disciplined and balanced line-up no doubt benefited from being economical at a time when long distance travelling between gigs was the order of the day.  The country's only motorway, the M1 opened in late 1959 and then barely stretched from London to the Hunting Grounds of the Midland Shires.  A three piece UK outfit was very unusual but not quite unique.  Vince Eager was backed by the Quiet Three who managed a full, rounded sound.  Then there was instrumental group the Scorpions who again had a solid bass and drums sound to give the guitar the freedom needed.

In April the group made two appearances on Jack Goods' "Wham" television show, which despite being broadcast directly opposite the BBC's "Juke Box Jury" still managed to reign in five million viewers.  The exposure would do no harm to the groups' upcoming fortunes, bearing in mind what happened next.  HMV's next move was to resurrect "Yes Sir, That's My Baby" and the Pirates recorded this more sedate second version on the 13th May 1960.  The flipside was less well prepared.

Sheet music for "Shakin' All Over"


Brian Gregg -"We were due at Abbey Road studios to record "Yes Sir, That’s My Baby" as a single and the record company had given us the B side.  On the day before the session, we went to the Freight Train coffee bar (Skiffle star Chas McDevitt’s place) in Soho, went downstairs, sat on some Coke crates and wrote "Shakin’ All Over" in six minutes or so.  We recorded the song live – first take – and left the studios convinced it was going to be the B side." (see footnote, bottom of page)

Brian Gregg's effective, repeatedly descending bassline, echoed by Alan Caddy's neatly picked treble string plucking anchored the song.  Clem Cattini’s "Thunderfoot" style was captured by Engineer Peter Sullivan close-miking the bass drum (at a time when only independent maverick producer Joe Meek did this as a matter of course), his drum break before the guitar solo was added in to make the song a bit longer!  Joe Moretti guested (he’d played on Vince Taylor’s 1959 British classic "Brand New Cadillac") and supplied the memorable, chilling guitar figure and classic solo.  On top of that, the shimmering effect was added as an overdub by Moretti sliding a cigarette lighter across his guitar strings, and by the second take the track was in the can.  As with the rest of the Pirates for his part in creating what is perhaps the quintessentially classic British Rock 'n' Roll track was payment of the standard session musicians' fee of seven Pounds and ten Shillings, plus one Pound extra for the overdubs.

The finished recording was an instant masterpiece, at once confident, atmospheric and hypnotic.  Sullivan later rang Johnny, remarking that everyone was knocked out by "Shakin' All Over" which would now be the A-side. The single remains a landmark, not just in British pop, but also in the development of rock.  The song made its television debut on Jack Good’s "Wham!" show and the impact was such that the song charted the following week.  Ex-Nutter Frank Rouledge, who mimed the second guitar for the show, had invented the original phrase that inspired the song.

Johnny Kidd - "When I was going round with a bunch of lads and we happened to see a girl who was a real sizzler we used to say that she gave us ‘quivers down the membranes’. It was a standard saying with us referring to any attractive girl.  Well, that phrase stuck with me because I saw it in a new angle on the old familiar shakes routine.  I can honestly say that it was this more than anything that inspired me to write ‘Shakin’ All Over’."

Single - "Restless" / Magic Of Love"

"Restless" - still a top twenty hit


It was also a major hit, topping the UK chart, a rare contemporary accolade for such an innovative release despite being voted a "miss" on the BBC’s "Juke Box Jury" show.  It was covered almost note-for-note in Australia by Johnny Chester the same year and Normie Rowe a few years later.  It has also been recorded by a myriad of artists since including the Pirates and the evergreen Cliff Richard. Bill Kennedy recorded what's believed to be the songs' first north American cover release in 1962.  Both the Pirates and Clem Catinni's Tornados still feature the song in their stage acts today.

Read some extra anecdotes and info here.

Jack Good had helped kick-start the UK Rock ‘n’ Roll scene with a string of fresh and breathless-paced television shows. He was also the man responsible for removing the fledgling Cliff Richard’s sideburns and guitar, making him less Presley-like and lengthening his career in the process.  Given the Producer's theatrical flair, he may well have been the instigator of that final touch: Kidd's by-now infamous eye-patch. Alternative explanations included a broken guitar string hitting Kidd in the right eye, or a girl fan remarking on his resembling a 17th century pirate made him wear it from then on.  Neither are true, according to Brian Gregg: Kidd had a bad cast which showed up when tired at night and wearing the patch helped.  Then, of course, original backing vocalist Mike West had once worn one onstage to the great hilarity of the others when afflicted by a nasty sty.  Whatever the truth the patch, while doubling for theatrical effect was criticised for "bad taste" and prolonged use made focusing difficult.  But taking the image seriously meant a constant supply was required as eager fans regularly pinched them.  While most other groups around this time were trying to emulate the clean-cut Cliff Richard, Kidd would jive about frantically onstage, waving his cutlass around his head and doing leg-kicks in time with the music with the Pirates.  He ended up by throwing cutlasses which narrowly missed his guitarists - all of which ensured more television appearances and full booking sheets, not to mention concern on the part of his insurance company.

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By now, Kidd’s increasingly R&B-styled vocals were at their most powerful, although those attending their performances would have to wait through a mini-set by the Pirates as Caddy, Catinni and Gregg whetted the appetites of those present.  They would play some instrumentals such as "Peter Gunn" (a track that the more modern Pirates have done) and "40 Miles Of Bad Road" as well as some 12-bar tunes of their own before Kidd entered the stage, their set with the Guv'nor would also include their new release.  "Restless" with it’s moody Duane Eddy-style vibrato guitar and solid solo (Joe Moretti) was sufficiently different to reach number 18, although a disappointed Kidd had felt confident of having another big hit on his hands.  The underside was another original "Magic Of Love", which had started life as one of the first songs Johnny had written under the title "Mr. and Miss".  Chas McDevitt recorded the song for Top Rank but the label went bust before it was  released.

Brian Gregg - "We had red cowboy boots which we wore under tight black trousers made of satin material. We couldn't get Pirates boot, they came later on. [We wore] bright red shirts with the collars turned up and a leather pullover. Johnny had various outfits, black and white stripes, a leather top with a short jacket with silver chains hanging off it. He used to tear off the chains and throw them to the girls in the audience. He had a large collection of cowboy boots. The day we bought those first red boots in Shepherd's Bush, by a strange coincidence these two guys watching us. I thought they looked like a couple of heavy dudes. I learned years later that those heavy characters were in fact future Pirates Frank Farley and Mick Green."

Live onstage in 1960: Brian Gregg, Clem Catinni, Alan Caddy and Kidd.  More pix in the "Gallery" section.


In October 1960 the quartet recorded four stage favourites. Ray Sharpe was discovered (by Lester Sill & Lee Hazlewood) when working as a Blackjack dealer in Las Vegas and recorded the original "Linda Lu" in 1959. The bands' rendition, paired with Jerry Lee Lewis' "Let's Talk About Us" formed the sixth release. Unlike the original, which was a large US hit, Kidd's' formula failed to work, as one week in the top 50 testified. In retrospect the A-side is worth more than that but coming after two, powerful, atmospheric singles, this one simply failed to click. The two remaining cuts from that session, "Big Blon' Baby" and "Weep no more, My Baby" surfaced on "Saturday Club," a year-end compilation based the popular BBC radio show on which group had previously appeared. "Weep" is a good example of how the trio’s chunky playing fleshed out the sound proving just how classy Alan Caddy, Clem Catinni and Brian Greggs' playing really was. This rare long-playing record is now highly valued collectors' item, if only for the group tracks as there is little else outstanding on it.

The Pirates re-entered the studio on 31 January 1961, completing "More Of The Same" and a stirring version of "I Just Wanna Make Love To You," a full three years before the Rolling Stones' popularised this Willie Dixon/Muddy Waters' classic. Kidd's arrangement was slower and owed a greater debt to standard rock 'n' roll, yet his foresight is again noteworthy. Both masters were then shelved until the aforementioned 1983 album "Rarities." A version of a new Kidd original, "Please Don't Bring Me Down," was one of three completed in a May session, but this energetic rendition, now nicknamed "Frantic Guitar," was canned until 1978, when it surfaced on the French double LP "Rocker".  The others, "Bad Case Of Love" and "You Can Have Her", are lacking a little polish but are still interesting examples of the groups' repertoire at the time.  These latter two only saw the light of day on the "Complete" CD in 1992.

Thus, it was August 1961 before the single was tracked, coupling a second, more controlled rendition of "Please Don't Bring Me Down" with "So What."  The A-side aimed to recapture the qualities that made "Shakin' All Over" special and featured top session guitarist Big Jim Sullivan, but unable to catch the public's imagination it failed to chart.  The B-side on the other hand is a breezy rocker, unusually led by some neat piano courtesy of session man Thunderclap Jones, featuring some fat drumming by Catinni and neat licks from Caddy.  It was a highlight of this Pirates line-up and was surely worthy of being a single in its own right.  Instead, it was the recorded swansong which closed this era of Pirates.  During a group meal at the popular Lotus House restaurant on the Edgware Road, Caddy, Gregg and Cattini spilled the beans about their impending intention to jump ship to go on a tour to Italy.  Shocked, Johnny couldn't quite take it in take and to make matters worse they said they were going with Colin Hicks’ Cabin Boys, an act currently based on their own.  Ironically, Gregg had been with the Cabin Boys on an Italian tour before and where Hicks was still very popular.

Clem Catinni - "I left Johnny which was one of the biggest mistakes of my life.... We either all went or none of us went.  It was the bit where if you don’t come, you don’t get the job, so I thought of security which I still regret to this day."

Johnny Kidd - "Alan, Brian and Clem left me to better themselves.  How could I possibly begrudge them their opportunity?"

The Tornados, 1962


Hicks stage set featured some of Kidd’s songs but comparison with the Guv'nor made him pale somewhat when singing "Shakin' All Over". The intro would play then Hicks vocals would kick in but it wouldn't sound right at all. Other factors also led to dissatisfaction setting in so after six weeks Cattini and Caddy cut loose and returned to England.  Caddy answered an advert looking for musicians but persuaded Catinni along for morale support.  The post turned out to be as part of a new studio session band for maverick producer Joe Meek to part-replace the Outlaws, now on the road behind Mike Berry.  As Catinni had nothing better to do, he joined up as well.  This group evolved into the Tornados (pictured) who went on to considerable success with "Telstar".  Brian Gregg joined them in mid-1963 when Meek pulled the original bassist, Heinz out for a solo career and a top Five hit with the memorable "Just Like Eddie".  Meanwhile, Johnny Kidd was on his own - but not for long....

*FOOTNOTE: Comparison with Cliff Richard’s first single is relevant here.  It was to have been a pleasant but pedestrian American ballad "Schoolboy Crush," a cut which is all but forgotten today except by die-hard fans.  Cliff’s Producer Norrie Paramor took a demo copy home and his teenage daughters were knocked out by Ian Samwell’s seminal flipside "Move It."  The record was hurriedly flipped and stormed to number 2.  The rest (nearly 50 years of it) is history.

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